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The questions as to why such a lot languages seem to have extra difficulty borrowing verbs than nouns, and as to the prospective mechanisms and paths during which verbs might be borrowed or the stumbling blocks for verb borrowing, were a subject of curiosity because the past due nineteenth century. even if, no actually great typological learn have been undertaken during this box prior to the current study.
The current paintings is the 1st in-depth cross-linguistic research on mortgage verbs and the morphological, syntactic and sociolinguistic elements of mortgage verb lodging. It applies present methodologies on database administration, quantitative research and typological conventions and it's in response to a extensive international pattern of information from over four hundred languages and the typological facts from the World Atlas of Language constructions (WALS).
One significant results of the current research is the falsification, on empirical grounds, of long-standing claims that verbs ordinarily are more challenging to borrow than different elements of speech, or that verbs may perhaps by no means be borrowed as verbs and regularly wanted a re-verbalization within the borrowing language.
By Aurélie Cauchard
In this research, the writer describes the linguistic expression of house in Caac, an endangered and under-documented Oceanic language spoken in New Caledonia, from either a descriptive and theoretical point of view. half I offers a concise description of Caac grammar, providing a primary formal portrait of this language to the reader. half II describes the formal and semantic positive factors of the linguistic assets to be had in Caac to encode spatial relationships. half III provides the theoretical framework in keeping with and exploring additional the vector research built through Bohnemeyer (2012) and Bohnemeyer & O'Meara (2012).
In specific, the writer proposes an extra sub-category of vectors (Head-unspecified Vectors) which debts for the makes use of of centrifugal kinds in Caac. The ensuing framework offers a scientific account of expressions of orientation in addition to situation and movement, and to mix the Frames of Reference typology (Pederson et al. 1998; Levinson, 1996, 2003; Bohnemeyer & Levinson, now not dated) with an research of deictic expressions inside a unmarried framework. specific cognizance, furthermore, is given to using Caac absolute and deictic directionals in spatial structures regarding Fictive movement. The research of Caac info leads us to introduce an extra type of Fictive movement past these formerly known within the literature, labelled the following "Anticipated Paths", which in flip shed new gentle at the nature of vectors and the connection among position, movement and orientation.
By Margaret Thomas
What was once the 1st language, and the place did it come from? Do all languages have homes in universal? what's the courting of language to notion? Fifty Key Thinkers on Language and Linguistics explores how fifty of the main influential figures within the box have requested and feature answered to vintage questions on language. every one access incorporates a dialogue of the person’s lifestyles, paintings and concepts in addition to the old context and an research of his or her?lasting contributions. Thinkers include:
- Samuel Johnson
- Friedrich Max Müller
- Ferdinand de Saussure
- Joseph H. Greenberg
- Noam Chomsky
Fully cross-referenced and with important courses to additional analyzing, this is often an excellent advent to the thinkers who've had an important influence almost about Language and Linguistics.
By Hélène Vinckel-Roisin
Im Vergleich zum Vorfeld und zu Einheiten am linken Rand wurde die rechte Peripherie des deutschen Satzes bislang wenig untersucht. Der Sammelband widmet sich erstmals ausschließlich nicht-sententialen Besetzungsformen des Nachfelds. Die sixteen Beiträge greifen das Thema aus unterschiedlichen methodischen Perspektiven auf, sodass – erstmals in der Nachfeld-Forschung – syntaktisch-funktional, generativ und pragmatisch-stilistisch ausgerichtete Herangehensweisen sowie die Spracherwerbsperspektive zusammentreffen und ihren Fragestellungen unter Berücksichtigung sprachhistorischer sowie modern-synchroner Aspekte nachgehen. Die Studien, die sich dem Spannungsfeld zwischen grammatisch-strukturellen, gesprochensprachlichen, diskursfunktionalen und varietätenspezifischen Merkmalen des Nachfelds widmen, lassen dieses Stellungsfeld im Ergebnis als eine ebenso wesentliche und relevante place erscheinen wie das bereits in vielfacher Hinsicht intestine untersuchte Vorfeld bzw. den linken Satzrand. Der Band zeigt damit, wie facettenreich das Funktionsspektrum des Nachfelds im Deutschen ist, und bietet zugleich Impulse für die künftige Forschung in diesem Bereich.
By Gabriel Altmann,Reinhard Köhler
The current quantity provides goal how you can notice and examine quite a few kinds of repetitions. Repetition of textual parts is greater than a superficial phenomenon. it could also be regarded as constitutive for devices and family members in a textual content: on a first-rate point while no wrong way exists to set up a unit – as in a musical composition (a motif should be acknowledged as such basically after at the very least one repetition) – and on a secondary, inventive point, the place repetition is a outcome of the move of the equivalence precept from the paradigmatic axis to the syntagmatic one as confirmed via R. Jakobson.
The research of repetitive parts and constructions in texts with goal mathematical capability can serve a number of useful and theoretical reasons, between them:
Characterisation of texts via parameters (measures, signs) as taken from tested mathematical records or particularly built ones in person cases.
Comparison of texts at the foundation in their quantitative features and type of the texts by way of the results.
Research for the legislation of textual content, which keep an eye on the mechanisms hooked up to textual content construction. As a distant objective, the development of a thought of textual content such as a method of textual content legislation. the ultimate try of each attainable quantitative textual content research is the development of a textual content idea. The ebook illustrates this on examples of such legislation and corresponding empirical tests.
By Morton Ann Gernsbacher
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dominance. It additionally seems to be at what those battles implied for the path of German coverage in France, from the exploitation of the French economic climate and the suppression of resistance job, to the try to perform Nazi racial plans. within the strategy, it sheds a lot mild on either the interior workings of the Nazi regime
and at the judgements made through the French govt through the process the occupation.