Get Semantics: Primes and Universals (St. in Classification Data PDF

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Conceptual primitives and semantic universals are the cornerstones of a semantic idea which Anna Wierzbicka has been constructing for a few years. Semantics: Primes and Universals is a big synthesis of her paintings, offering an entire and systematic exposition of that idea in a non-technical and readable means. It delineates an entire set of common ideas, as they've got emerged from large-scale investigations throughout a variety of languages undertaken via the writer and her colleagues. at the foundation of empirical cross-linguistic reviews it vindicates the outdated suggestion of the "psychic cohesion of mankind", whereas while delivering a framework for the rigorous description of alternative languages and cultures.

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Read e-book online At the Foot of the Snows PDF

By David Watters,Steve Watters,Daniel Watters

on the Foot of the Snows tells the inspiring tale of an American relatives residing one of the nearly unknown Kham Magar of Nepal, constructing a deep bond of friendship that transcended their cultural divide. via years of analysis and difficult paintings, they translated Scripture into the Kham language, igniting a spark of curiosity within the gospel that might fan to existence via years of persecution. via all of it, David and Nancy Watters struggled to illustrate that gospel to those those that lived, within the phrases of the Khams, "at the foot of the snows."

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New PDF release: The Estonian Language in the Digital Age (White Paper

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This white paper is a part of a sequence that promotes wisdom approximately language expertise and its power. It addresses educators, reporters, politicians, language groups and others. the provision and use of language expertise in Europe varies among languages. as a result, the activities which are required to extra aid study and improvement of language applied sciences additionally range for every language. the necessary activities rely on many components, resembling the complexity of a given language and the dimensions of its group. META-NET, a community of Excellence funded via the ecu fee, has performed an research of present language assets and applied sciences. This research fascinated with the 23 professional eu languages in addition to different very important nationwide and local languages in Europe. the result of this research recommend that there are numerous major examine gaps for every language. A extra targeted professional research and review of the present scenario can help maximise the influence of extra study and reduce any dangers. META-NET comprises fifty four examine centres from 33 nations which are operating with stakeholders from advertisement companies, govt organizations, undefined, examine corporations, software program businesses, expertise prone and ecu universities. jointly, they're making a universal know-how imaginative and prescient whereas constructing a strategic examine time table that indicates how language know-how functions can tackle any examine gaps by way of 2020.

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Download e-book for kindle: A Typology of Verbal Borrowings (Trends in Linguistics. by Jan Wohlgemuth

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The questions as to why such a lot languages seem to have extra difficulty borrowing verbs than nouns, and as to the prospective mechanisms and paths during which verbs might be borrowed or the stumbling blocks for verb borrowing, were a subject of curiosity because the past due nineteenth century. even if, no actually great typological learn have been undertaken during this box prior to the current study.

The current paintings is the 1st in-depth cross-linguistic research on mortgage verbs and the morphological, syntactic and sociolinguistic elements of mortgage verb lodging. It applies present methodologies on database administration, quantitative research and typological conventions and it's in response to a extensive international pattern of information from over four hundred languages and the typological facts from the World Atlas of Language constructions (WALS).

One significant results of the current research is the falsification, on empirical grounds, of long-standing claims that verbs ordinarily are more challenging to borrow than different elements of speech, or that verbs may perhaps by no means be borrowed as verbs and regularly wanted a re-verbalization within the borrowing language.

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Download e-book for iPad: Spatial Expression in Caac: An Oceanic Language Spoken in by Aurélie Cauchard

By Aurélie Cauchard

In this research, the writer describes the linguistic expression of house in Caac, an endangered and under-documented Oceanic language spoken in New Caledonia, from either a descriptive and theoretical point of view. half I offers a concise description of Caac grammar, providing a primary formal portrait of this language to the reader. half II describes the formal and semantic positive factors of the linguistic assets to be had in Caac to encode spatial relationships. half III provides the theoretical framework in keeping with and exploring additional the vector research built through Bohnemeyer (2012) and Bohnemeyer & O'Meara (2012).

In specific, the writer proposes an extra sub-category of vectors (Head-unspecified Vectors) which debts for the makes use of of centrifugal kinds in Caac. The ensuing framework offers a scientific account of expressions of orientation in addition to situation and movement, and to mix the Frames of Reference typology (Pederson et al. 1998; Levinson, 1996, 2003; Bohnemeyer & Levinson, now not dated) with an research of deictic expressions inside a unmarried framework. specific cognizance, furthermore, is given to using Caac absolute and deictic directionals in spatial structures regarding Fictive movement. The research of Caac info leads us to introduce an extra type of Fictive movement past these formerly known within the literature, labelled the following "Anticipated Paths", which in flip shed new gentle at the nature of vectors and the connection among position, movement and orientation.

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Download PDF by Margaret Thomas: Fifty Key Thinkers on Language and Linguistics (Routledge

By Margaret Thomas

What was once the 1st language, and the place did it come from? Do all languages have homes in universal? what's the courting of language to notion? Fifty Key Thinkers on Language and Linguistics explores how fifty of the main influential figures within the box have requested and feature answered to vintage questions on language. every one access incorporates a dialogue of the person’s lifestyles, paintings and concepts in addition to the old context and an research of his or her?lasting contributions. Thinkers include:



  • Aristotle

  • Samuel Johnson

  • Friedrich Max Müller 

  • Ferdinand de Saussure 

  • Joseph H. Greenberg

  • Noam Chomsky

Fully cross-referenced and with important courses to additional analyzing, this is often an excellent advent to the thinkers who've had an important influence almost about Language and Linguistics.

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Get Das Nachfeld im Deutschen: Theorie und Empirie (Reihe PDF

By Hélène Vinckel-Roisin

Im Vergleich zum Vorfeld und zu Einheiten am linken Rand wurde die rechte Peripherie des deutschen Satzes bislang wenig untersucht. Der Sammelband widmet sich erstmals ausschließlich nicht-sententialen Besetzungsformen des Nachfelds. Die sixteen Beiträge greifen das Thema aus unterschiedlichen methodischen Perspektiven auf, sodass – erstmals in der Nachfeld-Forschung – syntaktisch-funktional, generativ und pragmatisch-stilistisch ausgerichtete Herangehensweisen sowie die Spracherwerbsperspektive zusammentreffen und ihren Fragestellungen unter Berücksichtigung sprachhistorischer sowie modern-synchroner Aspekte nachgehen. Die Studien, die sich dem Spannungsfeld zwischen grammatisch-strukturellen, gesprochensprachlichen, diskursfunktionalen und varietätenspezifischen Merkmalen des Nachfelds widmen, lassen dieses Stellungsfeld im Ergebnis als eine ebenso wesentliche und relevante place erscheinen wie das bereits in vielfacher Hinsicht intestine untersuchte Vorfeld bzw. den linken Satzrand. Der Band zeigt damit, wie facettenreich das Funktionsspektrum des Nachfelds im Deutschen ist, und bietet zugleich Impulse für die künftige Forschung in diesem Bereich.

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Download e-book for kindle: Forms and Degrees of Repetition in Texts: Detection and by Gabriel Altmann,Reinhard Köhler

By Gabriel Altmann,Reinhard Köhler

The current quantity provides goal how you can notice and examine quite a few kinds of repetitions. Repetition of textual parts is greater than a superficial phenomenon. it could also be regarded as constitutive for devices and family members in a textual content: on a first-rate point while no wrong way exists to set up a unit – as in a musical composition (a motif should be acknowledged as such basically after at the very least one repetition) – and on a secondary, inventive point, the place repetition is a outcome of the move of the equivalence precept from the paradigmatic axis to the syntagmatic one as confirmed via R. Jakobson.
The research of repetitive parts and constructions in texts with goal mathematical capability can serve a number of useful and theoretical reasons, between them:
Characterisation of texts via parameters (measures, signs) as taken from tested mathematical records or particularly built ones in person cases.
Comparison of texts at the foundation in their quantitative features and type of the texts by way of the results.
Research for the legislation of textual content, which keep an eye on the mechanisms hooked up to textual content construction. As a distant objective, the development of a thought of textual content such as a method of textual content legislation. the ultimate try of each attainable quantitative textual content research is the development of a textual content idea. The ebook illustrates this on examples of such legislation and corresponding empirical tests.

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Download e-book for kindle: Language Comprehension As Structure Building by Morton Ann Gernsbacher

By Morton Ann Gernsbacher

This e-book provides a brand new theoretical framework -- what Gernsbacher calls the constitution construction Framework -- for figuring out language comprehension specifically, and cognitive processing typically. in response to this framework, the objective in comprehending either linguistic and nonlinguistic fabrics is to construct a coherent psychological illustration or "structure" of the data being comprehended. As such, the underlying techniques and mechanisms of constitution construction are seen as common, cognitive strategies and mechanisms. The power of the amount lies in its empirical aspect: a radical literature assessment and good unique data.

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Download e-book for kindle: After the Fall: German Policy in Occupied France, 1940-1944 by Thomas J. Laub

By Thomas J. Laub

German coverage in occupied France throughout the moment international warfare was once in lots of methods a narrative of sour inner clash among a few of the German corporations in control of the profession. After the autumn offers an in depth research of the fight among those varied corporations, highlighting the numerous modifications in ideology, coverage, and technique among the military, the SS, and the diplomatic provider, and the rivalries among them of their fight for
dominance. It additionally seems to be at what those battles implied for the path of German coverage in France, from the exploitation of the French economic climate and the suppression of resistance job, to the try to perform Nazi racial plans. within the strategy, it sheds a lot mild on either the interior workings of the Nazi regime
and at the judgements made through the French govt through the process the occupation.

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