By San Duanmu

This booklet outlines a approach of phonological beneficial properties that's minimally adequate to tell apart all consonants and vowels within the languages of the area. The vast proof is drawn from datasets with a mixed overall of approximately one thousand sound inventories.

The interpretation of phonetic transcriptions from diverse languages is a long-standing challenge. during this e-book, San Duanmu proposes an answer that depends on the inspiration of distinction: X and Y are diversified sounds if and provided that they distinction in a few language. He makes a speciality of an easy process to interpret empirical info: for every phonetic measurement, all inventories are searched so one can ascertain the maximal variety of contrasts required. additionally, each strange function or additional measure of
contrast is re-examined to verify its validity. The ensuing characteristic method is unusually basic: fewer good points are wanted than formerly proposed, and for every function, a two-way distinction is enough. however, the inspiration is trustworthy in that the thought of distinction is uncontroversial, the
procedure is particular, and the result's repeatable. The publication additionally deals dialogue of non-contrastive variations among languages, sound periods, and intricate sounds equivalent to affricates, consonant-glide devices, consonant-liquid devices, contour tones, pre-nasalized stops, clicks, ejectives, and implosives.

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A Theory of Phonological Features by San Duanmu

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